Revista Científica Odontológica en-US (Luis Ernesto Arriola Guillén) (Angela Quispe-Salcedo) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 OJS 60 Historical perspective of the importance of dental societies <p>La presente editorial brinda una reseña histórica respecto de la asociación gremial como uno de los elementos más relevantes de la práctica odontológica moderna y fundamenta la importancia de los colegios odontológicos contemporáneos en el desarrollo y el avance de la profesión dental. El término gremio se define como un conjunto de personas que tienen el mismo oficio o profesión, y que se asocian para ordenarlo, defenderlo y compartir experiencias. Este vocablo involucra a la totalidad de individuos que trabajan en una misma rama profesional, lo cual contrasta con el concepto de sindicato, que implica una reunión voluntaria de un grupo de estos.</p> Anton Samplonius Angobaldo, Jaime Otero-Injoque Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Comparison of pharyngeal airway space on lateral head radiographs of skeletal class I and II individuals <p>Objective: To compare the space of the pharyngeal airway (nasopharynx and oropharynx) through lateral X-ray analysis in skeletal class II individuals with a control group composed of skeletal class I individuals. Materials and methods: This study was of the observational, descriptive, transversal, and prospective type. The sample was made up by 60 lateral head radiographs distributed between 30 class I (ANB 2°±2° and class I malocclusion) and 30 skeletal class II radiographs (ANB&gt;5° and malocclusion class II-1). Measurements of the airway space in the oropharynx and nasopharynx were taken in mm through the McNamara method on lateral head radiographs. Results: The average space found in the oropharynx in class I was 11.71mm ± 3.18mm. In the class II group, it was 10.73mm ± 2.36mm. No significant differences were found (p=0.18). The average space found in the nasopharynx in the class I group was 18.45mm ± 4.11mm. In the class II group, it was 19.10mm ± 3.89mm. There were no significant differences found (p=0.53). Conclusion: The airway space in mm. of the nasopharynx presents similar values in millimeters in subjects with Class I and Class II skeletal malocclusion. There is no difference in the airway spaces of the oropharynx in subjects with Class I and Class II Malocclusions.</p> Santiago Razo Huillca Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Effectiveness of piezoelectric versus straight hand piece at low speed within the surgical extraction of retained lower third molars <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Determine the effectiveness of the piezoelectric handpiece vs. the straight handpiece at low speed in surgeries of impacted lower third molars, in relation to post-surgical effects (edema, pain and trismus) and the operative time of the osteotomy, in patients attending the Maxillofacial Surgery Service of the “Hospital de Especialidades Fuerzas Armadas N°1”. <strong>Method:</strong> It is an observational, longitudinal prospective cohort clinical study. A sample of 40 patients of both sexes aged between 18 and 25 years was taken, divided into two groups of 20 patients each, in group A extractions were performed with piezoelectric and in group B with straight rotary handpiece at low velocity. The results were analyzed on the third, fifth and eighth day, the edema was measured with the method of Amin and Laskin, for the pain the Visual Analogous Scale (VAS) was used, and for the presence of trismus with the instrument foot of king.&nbsp; Results: In group A, edema (11.72 mm), pain (4.67) and mouth opening (39.49 mm) were lower than in group B edema (12.29 mm), pain (4.8) and mouth opening (35.83 mm) and osteotomy time was significantly longer with piezoelectric (6.54 ± 3.05 min) compared to the straight handpiece (1.55 ± 0.57 mm). min) and there was a difference in edema, pain and trismus under normal conditions in contrast to what was obtained at 3, 5, 8 days between the two instruments. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> the post-surgical effects of edema, pain and trismus of the extraction of retained lower third molars are less intense with the piezoelectric compared to the straight handpiece, the use of the piezoelectric being recommended.</p> Bryan Morales-Sambachi, Adriana Andrade-Peñafiel Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Effect of molar incisor hypomineralization on oral health related quality of life in children and adolescents: a systematic review <p><strong>Introduction</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: Hypersensitivity, altered dental appearance and fractures are common problems in molar incisor hypomineralization that generate functional and socio-emotional problems. </span><strong>Objective</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: to evaluate the effect of MIH on oral health-related quality of life in children and adolescents. </span><strong>Materials and methods:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> A systematic bibliographic search was carried out in electronic databases (Pubmed, Epistemonikos, Dentistry &amp; Oral Sciences Source and Virtual Health Library). Observational studies in English or Spanish conducted between 2016-2022 that evaluated the quality of life of children and adolescents with molar incisor hypomineralization were identified. </span><strong>Results</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: Of 96 identified studies, thirteen were included in the synthesis. The most frequent diagnostic criterion for hypomineralization of molar incisors was the index of the European Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and nine studies reported the severity of the disease. The most widely used scale to measure quality of life was the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ). According to the children's perception, the most affected dimensions were "Oral Symptoms" and "Emotional Well-Being", according to the parents they were "Oral Symptoms" and "Functional Limitations". Girls with molar incisor hypomineralization had worse oral health-related quality of life. </span><strong>Conclusions</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: The negative effect of molar incisor hypomineralization on children’s oral health-related quality of life seems to vary between the perception of parents and children.</span></p> Camilo Romo Pérez, Luis Lobo Cortés, María José Morales Rojas, Alma Luz San Martín López, Karem Guadalupe Ramírez Vera Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Impact of acute lymphoblastic leukemia on the microbiome and oral lesions: scoping review <p><strong>Objective</strong>: To describe the existing knowledge about the alterations of the MBO and the presence of LO in patients with ALL. <strong>Material and Method:</strong> An electronic search was carried out in the PubMed, Scielo, and Academic Google databases, and descriptive, analytical, and observational articles on MBO, LO, and LLA were included. 642 articles were evaluated, duplicate articles, case reports, and those where they only reported changes during or after chemotherapy treatment were eliminated. <strong>Results:</strong> 10 articles were evaluated and published between 1997 and 2021, 4 articles agreed that the MBO of patients with LLA was found in dysbiosis showing a significant increase in firmicutes, bacillus, and opportunistic bacteria such as Moraxella spp, Klebsiella spp, Pseudomonas spp, Enterobacter spp, Acinetobacter spp, andE. coli, the most frequent LO reported in 5 articles were spontaneous gingival bleeding, gingivitis, and ulcers. <strong>Conclusions:</strong> The oral cavity of patients with ALL is in dysbiosis and associated OL is identified. It is necessary to establish preventive strategies with a niche-ecological approach to restore the MBO, to reduce the risk of opportunistic infections and other LO during chemotherapy treatment</p> Olga Leticia García Rico, Juan Gerardo Sánchez Medina, Elizabeth Sánchez Becerra, Juan Antonio Cepeda Bravo, Francisco Javier Tejeda Nava, Ana Karenina Rocha Viggiano, Mariana Salgado Bustamante, Saray Aranda Romo Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Candida albicans: risk factor in COVID-19 patients <p>To relate the presence of Candida Albicans as an aggravating factor in patients with COVID-19, a bibliographic review was carried out in the Redalyc, Scielo, PubMed, Research gate, Science direct, Google scholar databases. The inclusion criteria used were: articles in English and Spanish as well as articles published from 2020 to date. 65 scientific articles that met the search criteria were analyzed and it was possible to determine that Oral candidiasis negatively affects patients with COVID-19 infection, increasing the risk of admission to the ICU with the use of artificial ventilators.</p> Daniela San Martín Andrade, Cristopher Andrés Cárdenas Amendaño, Allison Brigitte Solórzano Cuenca, Johanna Maribel Ulloa Pacheco, Priscilla Medina-Sotomayor Copyright (c) Wed, 28 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Effect of the forward head syndrome in the development of temporomandibular disorders <p>Bad habits, such as poor posture during the use of technological devices, poor abdominal control and oral breathing pattern can lead to a forward head position, which has important implications for the entire future of the individual, especially at the stomatognathic system. There is a strong association between temporomandibular disorders and forward head syndrome. Where the muscular component is the main affected, with the appearance of more trigger points at the level of the sternocleidomastoid muscles, upper trapezius, rectus capitis posterior and upper oblique capitis. Degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint have been observed, but evidence is still lacking to ensure that Forward Head Syndrome is the etiological factor.</p> Jordi Tomàs Aliberas, Carolina Castillo, Gabriela Villarroel, Álvaro Giner, Natalia Felipe Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Peri-implantitis: current concepts about its etiology, clinical and imaging characteristics. A review <p>Peri-implantitis (PI) is the inflammatory reaction of the peri-implant mucosa, accompanied by the progressive loss of supporting bone around the implant, which can compromise its stability, function and aesthetics. It is diagnosed by radiographic measurement of the alveolar bone level, with or without clinical symptoms of inflammation and a probing depth greater than 4 mm. The objective of this work was to review the scientific evidence on the prevalence, etiology, predisposing factors, clinical behavior and imaging characteristics of PI. An electronic search was carried out in Google Scholar, PubMed and Scielo, considering the period between 2010-2022, and a total of 40 articles were selected. It is concluded that the main etiological agent of PI is the biofilm, however, its appearance and severity may be associated with the presence of predisposing factors such as Diabetes Mellitus, smoking, pre-existing periodontal disease and absence of keratinized mucosa, among others. Clinically, PI is related to bleeding on probing, gingival recession, and suppuration. Imaging evaluation of the peri-implant defect is routinely performed with periapical radiographs; Recent use of cone-beam computed tomography has allowed three-dimensional assessment of the defect, although considerations of radiation dose to the patient and image artifacts have been made that may limit its extensive use.</p> Juan Carlos Martínez Gómez, Adalsa Hernández-Andara, Maira Quevedo-Piña, Ana Isabel Ortega-Pertuz, Mee Lyn Chong Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Deaf people and sign language: an enigma in Dentistry <p>Sign language is the main means of communication for deaf people; consists of the combination of manual, body and facial movements with specific meanings. Among the main barriers faced by this community are the lack of communication, shortage of health services, added to the inexperience and lack of knowledge of sign language by the health professional. This article aims to raise awareness of the importance and need of sign language in dental clinical care and professional training, as well as strategies, tools and recommendations for better care for deaf people. Databases such as SciELO, Google Scholar, PubMed and ScienceDirect were included during the years 2007 and 2021 It was concluded that the main barriers during communication are the little knowledge of sign language in dentists, the little access to interpreters and difficulties in obtaining appointments; affecting the susceptibility to develop oral diseases. The inclusion of sign language courses within the university curriculum provides academic and professional ethics benefits; however, followup is necessary to confirm compliance with the requested parameters. Among the main tools<br>and strategies, the use of educational videos, the accompaniment of interpreters and, in view of technological development, the use of mobile applications, can facilitate communication. Likewise, a set of recommendations is proposed for the approach of adult and child deaf patients.</p> Mirian Elizabeth Muñoz Quispe, Michaell Jeremy Mendoza Condor, Jorge Enrique Cahuana Vilchez, Manuel Antonio Mattos-Vela Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 Strategies for the use of cone beam tomography in teeth with suspected root fracture. Report of case series <p>Root fractures are after caries and periodontal disease, the third cause of loss of dental units, being very common in posterior and endodontically treated teeth. The symptoms they produce are ambiguous and their diagnosis depends on the combination of multiple clinical and imaging factors. Among the diagnostic studies available to establish the origin of the symptoms is the cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). The objective of this case report is to describe the strategies used in the acquisition and interpretation of the CBCT in three patients with suspected root fractures. The use of a reduced field of view, with a voxel of 0.150 mm or less, accompanied by dynamic volume exploration made it possible to detect bone defects as an indirect sign for locating root fracture lines.</p> Rossana Landa de Bellera Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500 5.5 mm implant. A solution for severe atrophies without sacrificing predictability <p>The rehabilitation of areas of the maxilla and mandible with extreme resorption is a fact of increased presence in our dental practice. Surgical techniques such as short and extra-short implants facilitate the resolution of these clinical cases. In this clinical case report we develop a case rehabilitated using a 5.5 mm long implant and we provide a biomechanical study of the behaviour of implants with these characteristics.</p> Eduardo Anitua Copyright (c) Tue, 27 Dec 2022 00:00:00 -0500